What is Obesity?
Obesity is a chronic disease that is caused by the increase of fat in the body, and grouped under Endocrine, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases according to World Health Organization International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). Metabolic Syndrome, which includes obesity, is also classified under the same goup according to World Health Organization ICD-10 classification.
Obesity is a rapidly growing health problem that is increasingly threatening public health. Obesity can be defined in many ways. However, the most common definition is based on the Body Mass Index (BMI).
BMI = Weight (kg) / Height2 (m2)
BMI: 19-25 Normal Weight
BMI: 25-30 Overweight
BMI: 30-40 Obesity
BMI: 40-50 Morbid Obesity
BMI >50 Super Morbid Obesity
For example, a 1.60m (160cm) tall person is;
in Normal Weight category if weighs 49-64kg
in Overweight category if weighs 65-77kg
in Obesity category if weighs 78-102kg
in Morbid Obesity category if weighs 103-127kg
in Super Morbid Obesity category if weighs 128-153kg
in Super Super Morbid Obesity category if weighs more than 154kg.
Risks of Obesity:
Obesity is the most important preventable cause of death after cigarette smoking. Obese patients live 10-15 years less. Some of the diseases and problems that arise from obesity are listed below;
Relationship Between Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes
As a result of obesity, body fat deposits are increased, especially in the abdominal organs, and produce hormones that cause insulin resistance. Insulin resistance causes development of Type 2 Diabetes over time. While the risk of developing diabetes in obese patients is around 25-30%, this risk is much higher in those with a family history of diabetes.
Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Center
Our Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Center is organized in accordance to international standards. In our center; seats in the waiting lounge, wheelchairs, stretchers, patient rooms, bathrooms and beds, operation room and intensive care units are designed to meet the needs of advanced overweight patients.
Flow in our Center:
1. First Appointment
2. Laboratory Tests and Consultations
3. Second Appointment
4. Obesity Council Descision
5. Pre-Operative Trainings and Nutrition Program
7. Post-Operative Controls and Tests